Sustainable Design and Maintenance of Buildings


  • Valentina Pleša The Licensed Architect Office Mario Kvež, Brestovec Orehovički, Croatia
  • Dino Obradović Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture Osijek


Design, Green building certifications, Maintenance, Management, Sustainability


The world's population is increasing, hence the growing demand for accommodation and the construction of buildings. Therefore, the amount of wastewater is increasing. Natural areas (lawns, arable land, forests, etc.) are being used for building buildings. In this manner, natural surfaces become impermeable, which leads to natural unbalance. As a result, we are witnessing formation of heat islands, an increase in temperature and rainfall runoff into the sewerage system as well as uprising consequences of climate change generally. The construction industry is one of the biggest polluters in the world, but by using sustainable construction it is possible to reduce its negative impact on the environment. The principles of sustainable construction should be applied to all phases of the life cycle of a building: design, construction, maintenance, and removal of the building. In the construction design phase, it is possible to modify the building with a slight increase in cost, which will lower future maintenance costs. It is essential to use materials thoughtfully through construction since people spend a large part of their time indoors. Environmental impact assessment is the basis of sustainable design, construction, use, and disposal of the building. Of course, various social issues involve the health and well-being of building users. We must not forget the economic aspects and total costs of the building. This is where the concept of green construction comes into play. Green building refers to both the structure and the application of environmentally responsible and resource-efficient processes throughout the building's life cycle. Green building also refers to saving resources to the maximum extent, including energy, land, water and material saving, etc., during the whole life cycle of the building, protecting the environment and reducing pollution, providing people with healthy, comfortable and efficient use of space, and being in harmony with nature.