Evaluation of Disability Standards in Primary Schools: The Case of North Macedonia Gostivar Municipality


  • Ayşe Arıcı International Vision University
  • Pinar Usta Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Technology Faculty, Civil Engineering Department, Isparta/Turkey


School Standards for the Disabled, Designs for the Disabled, Sustainability, Structural Deficiencies, Local Building Materials, Sustainable Buildings


This article includes research conducted to evaluate disability standards in primary schools and an evaluation study presented on the example of Gostivar municipality in North Macedonia. Access to the right to education of persons with disabilities and providing appropriate educational environments are essential elements of an inclusive education system.

The aim of the article is to examine the extent to which disability standards are implemented in primary schools. School standards for the disabled aim to meet the physical accessibility, communication opportunities, safety, and learning needs of people with disabilities. In addition, sustainability, engineering principles, and designs for disabled people play an important role in designing school buildings in accordance with disability standards. It is investigating the compliance of primary schools in Gostivar municipality, North Macedonia, with disability standards. Factors such as structural deficiencies, local building materials, and sustainable structures are among the focal points of the assessment. The extent to which disability standards are met and how it affects the safety and learning experiences of students with disabilities is examined in detail.

As a result of this study, it is emphasized that measures should be taken to implement disability standards more effectively in primary schools. Effective implementation of disability standards is of great importance in order to facilitate the participation of disabled students in education and social life. In addition, the importance of engineering and architectural studies for sustainability is emphasized, and it is discussed that factors such as conservation of natural resources, energy efficiency, use of local materials, social participation, economic sustainability, and risk management should be taken into account in order for the studies in this field to be successful. This study also aims to emphasize the importance of engineering and architectural disciplines working together in the process of ensuring sustainability in rural areas.