Analysis of Bioclimatic Features of Vernacular Architecture – A Case Study of Vernacular Residential Buildings in Sarajevo

Authors

  • Sandra Martinović Mechanical Engineering Faculty, University of Sarajevo, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Nurin Zečević Mechanical Engineering Faculty, University of Sarajevo, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Azrudin Husika Mechanical Engineering Faculty, University of Sarajevo, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Keywords:

Contemporary Architecture, Sustainability, Vernacular Architecture, Bioclimatic Features

Abstract

The imperative of today’s architects and urban planners is to identify and implement sustainable solutions that would increase the overall quality of the urban environment and people’s well-being, by maintaining a natural balance and integrity. In this regard, the bioclimatic principles of vernacular architecture can serve as inspiration for designing buildings in a contemporary urban context. This approach can help to gain knowledge about the practices of vernacular architecture, and define solutions that can deal with today’s urban challenges, such as urban and environmental pollution, lack of comfort, and low quality of life. This paper presents the analysis of bioclimatic features of three well-preserved vernacular residential buildings, located in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The research methodology is based on the literature research, photo documentation, and field observation, regarding the presence of bioclimatic design principles, such as building form, orientation, layout, use of local building materials, topography, traditional passive strategies - sun shading, cooling and natural-induced ventilation, natural landscape, and comfortable living environment. The results of this research showed that the selected vernacular buildings fulfill most of the basic bioclimatic principles, which could be transposed into contemporary architecture, not in the context of a pure replication of an old style, but as a modern sustainable architectural design. The analysis also showed that the potentials of passive heating were not exploited in the best possible way, therefore the improvement of the building design will be a necessary step in order to be implemented in the design of sustainable architecture.

Published

27.12.2023